Today is Equal Pay Day, a special day of action to point to the Gender Pay Gap. The following map shows the situation in Europe in 2008. Visualised are the employment rate for women and the Gender Pay Gap. There are remarkable differences between the European countries, however a pattern can hardly be identified. Striking is the high employment rate for women in the scandinavian countries. Considering the depicted countries Norway is leading with 75.4%. In Iceland it is 79.6% but recent data about the Gender Pay Gap is missing here. In contrast Malta has an employment rate for women below 40%. The smallest Gender Pay Gap is found in Italy (4.9%), the largest in Estonia (30.3%).
The unadjusted Gender Pay Gap represents the difference between average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees and of female paid employees as a percentage of average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees. The population consists of all paid employees in enterprises with 10 employees or more (Eurostat).
The employment rate for women is calculated by dividing the number of female persons aged 15 to 64 in employment by the total female population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey. The survey covers the entire population living in private households and excludes those in collective households such as boarding houses, halls of residence and hospitals (Eurostat).